Presentation by Yannis Spyropoulos entitled "Janissary networks in Izmir (late 18th-early 19th century)" in the framework of the "Çaka Bey'den Günümüze İzmir Sempozyumu" organized by İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi and Türk Tarih Kurumu in Izmir from March 23 to March 27, 2022.
Having as a starting point the Janissary-instigated bloody events which took place in Izmir in 1821, this presentation focuses on the operation of Janissary economic and political networks in the city, examining various instances of violent uprisings and their relation to the wider Ottoman political realities. In this framework, the paper analyzes these networks’ contribution to the transfer of ideas and violent mobilizations from one Ottoman province to another, as well as their ability to connect and express the economic and political interests of different Muslim communities and actors in the eastern Mediterranean.
Online lecture by Yannis Spyropoulos with the topic "Janissary Networks in the Early Modern Mediterranean: An ERC Project and the Case of Late-Eighteenth- and Early-Nineteenth-Century Izmir" organized by the Department of History of the Middle East Technical University (Ankara) in the framework of the latter's "ODTÜ TARİH KONUŞMALARI (XVII)" lecture series.
"This talk has two goals: the first is to introduce the ongoing ERC project named "JANET - Janissaries in Ottoman Port-Cities: Muslim Financial and Political Networks in the Early Modern Mediterranean" to the academic community at METU and the second is to discuss one of the case-studies examined in the framework of the above-mentioned project, namely Izmir. Having as a starting point the Janissary-instigated bloody events which took place in Izmir in 1821, the presentation will focus on the operation of Janissary economic and political networks in the city, examining various instances of violent uprisings and their relation to the wider Ottoman political realities. In this framework, the paper analyzes these networks’ contribution to the transfer of ideas and violent mobilizations from one Ottoman province to another, as well as their ability to connect and express the economic and political interests of different Muslim communities and actors in the eastern Mediterranean."
Talk in Greek by Yannis Spyropoulos with the topic "Τα γενιτσαρικά δίκτυα ως αγωγοί εξεγέρσεων στην οθωμανική Μεσόγειο (τέλη 18ου –αρχές 19ου αι.)" [Janissary Networks as Conductors of Revolt in the Ottoman Mediterranean (Late 18th-Early 19th c.)]
The presentation took place in the framework of the two-day online conference "ΟΘΩΜΑΝΙΚΗ ΚΡΙΣΗ ΚΑΙ ΕΠΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΗ / Η ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΕΠΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΗ ΩΣ ΟΘΩΜΑΝΙΚΗ ΚΡΙΣΗ" [Ottoman Crisis and Revolution / The Greek Revolution as an Ottoman Crisis] organized by the Department of Cultural Anthropology and History of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of the Aegean (Mytilene, Greece).
"This presentation concerns the development of Janissary economic and political networks in the Ottoman Mediterranean during the 18th and early 19th centuries. My focus is on the development of a networked connection between Crete, Izmir, and Istanbul which was first created in the second half of the 18th century. By analyzing the functions and characteristics of this network I attempt to examine a. its contribution to the transfer of violent mobilizations from one area to another and b. the opportunity it provided to various Muslim communities in different Ottoman cities and provinces to promote their economic and political interests. In this context, I will investigate the violence of Muslims against Christians in the region of Izmir following the outbreak of the Revolution of 1821 and its relation to some parallel events which took place in Istanbul and Crete, as well as to the infamous "Rebellion of Izmir" of 1797."
Lecture by Edhem Eldem with the topic "Of men and stones. Historiographical meanderings around the destruction of the janissary corps in 1826"
Abstract: "Rethymnon is home to one of the most original ERC-funded research projects in Ottoman studies, JANET, on janissary networks across Ottoman port cities. This contribution by a non-specialist outsider, adopts an oblique approach to the topic by focusing on the wiping out of the janissary corps in 1826 by Sultan Mahmud II, and linking this event to a number of historiographical issues in Ottoman history. Of particular interest will be the much-debated question of the post mortem and symbolic annihilation of the institution through the destruction of janissary tombstones after the so-called ‘auspicious event’ of 15-16 June 1826."
The Institute for Mediterranean Studies (IMS) of the Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH) in collaboration with the Department of History and the Institute of European Studies of the University of California, Berkeley have launched a series of lectures for the research in history undertaken in both establishments to enhance communication, knowledge and exchange of ideas. The lectures of 2021 started with the presentation of the four ERC projects carried out by the research groups of IMS-FORTH.
In this lecture, co-organized by the two above-mentioned institutions and the Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association (OTSA), Yannis Spyropoulos, İrfan Kokdaş, Mehmet Mert Sunar, and Aysel Yıldız presented their team's ERC project "JaNet" on Monday September 10, 2021 at9 am (PDT) / 7 pm (Greece & Turkey).
The JaNet Kickoff Workshop was originally planned to take place on the premises of the Host Institution, the Institute for Mediterranean Studies (IMS-FORTH) in Rethymnon, Crete, on September 18-19, 2020. However due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the workshop had to take the form of an online event. Fourteen scholars from Europe and the US came together to officially start the project by presenting their research modules and discussing their ongoing research, the project’s prospects, directions, and future deliverables.